Participation of a MEK-independent pathway in MAP kinase activation and modulation of cell growth in mouse hepatoma cell lines.
The mechanism of cell growth was investigated in GIT medium-supplemented in vitro assay using high and low metastatic mouse hepatoma cell sublines, G-5 and G-1, respectively. G-5 cells exhibited high growth rate compared to G-1 cells. The PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 and P70 S6 kinase inhibitor rapamycin partially blocked both G-1 and G-5 cell growth, suggesting that these two kinases are involved in hepatoma cell growth. In contrast, the MEK1 inhibitor PD98059 partially blocked G-5 cell growth but not G-1 cell growth. MAP kinases (MAPK) in both G-1 and G-5 cells were indistinguishably phosphorylated, yet MEK-dependent MAPK activation was observed only in G-5 cells. In G-1 cells, MAPK was phosphorylated in a manner not connected to MEK activation. Thus, the low degree of cell growth in G-1 cells was attributable to disruption of the MEK-dependent MAPK cascade. However, the molecular mechanism whereby MAPK phosphorylation does not parallel MAPK activation in G-1 cells remains unknown. Here, we suggest that there may be an as yet unidentified MAPK phosphorylation pathway in malignantly transformed cells, which may affect in vivo cell growth and metastatic capacities of cancers.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Immunology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Higashinari-ku, Osaka 537-8511, Japan.
Publication date: August 1, 2000
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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