The p73 gene is less involved in the development but involved in the progression of neuroblastoma.
We performed expression, mutation, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses of the p73 gene in neuroblastomas (NBs). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using primers which can detect both the p73alpha and p73beta transcripts was performed on 30 fresh NBs and 22 NB cell lines. Aberrant expression of the p73 gene was found in 4 (25%) of 16 primary tumors found by mass screening and in 10 (71.4%) of 14 primary tumors found clinically. The rates of expression in these two types of tumors were significantly different (p=0.026, Fisher's exact test). The incidence of aberrant expression of the p73 gene was significantly higher in stage IV patients than in stages I, II, III plus IVS patients (p=0.0236, Fisher's exact test). No homozygous deletions or rearrangements of the p73 gene were found in any samples examined. In addition to the polymorphism in exon 2, a silent mutation (codon 336 GCC/GCT) was found in one primary tumor. LOH of the p73 gene was detected in 5 (15%) of 33 primary NBs using PCR-LOH analysis. FISH analysis showed that all 17 NB cell lines used in this study revealed allelic loss of the p73 gene, while most of them expressed the p73 gene. These results suggest that the p73 gene is not monoallelically expressed in NB. We conclude that the p73 gene is less involved in the development but involved in the progression of neuroblastoma.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Publication date: April 1, 2000
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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