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All-trans retinoic acid modulates fas expression and enhances chemosensitivity of human medulloblastoma cells.

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Retinoic acid (RA) can promote human medulloblastoma cells Med-3 toward differentiation but is not sufficient to induce cell death, suggesting its limited effect on medulloblastomas. On the other hand, the differentiated tumour cells have been supposed to be more sensitive to chemotherapeutic drugs. To elucidate this possibility for medulloblastoma cells, 10 microM/l RA, 1.0 microg/ml cisplatin (CP) and their half-dosage combinations were utilized in this study to treat Med-3 cells and their influences in cell proliferation, morphology and death patterns were evaluated. In parallel, the expressions of Fas and its ligand (FasL) were analyzed by immunocytochemical staining and Western blot hybridization. Anti-Fas antibody was used to incubate the Med-3 cells pretreated by 10 microM/l RA or 1.0 microg/ml CP. It was revealed that RA and CP could inhibit cell growth but rarely induce apoptosis. Combination of half doses each of RA and CP effectively caused most of tumour cells to die of apoptosis within 6 days. FasL molecules in 29 kDa and 37 kDa were detected in Med-3 cells with and without the treatments. The Fas molecule around 30 kDa and located in the cytoplasm was found in the normally cultured cells and the cells treated by CP. An additional 45 kDa Fas band with the appearance of its cell surface labeling was detected in the cells treated by 10 microM/l RA and by 5 microM/l RA + 0.5 microg/ml CP. The anti-Fas antibody could efficiently induce apoptosis only in the cell populations pretreated by RA. Our data thus suggest that RA can enhance the chemosensitivity of human medulloblastoma Med-3 cells presumably via modulating the Fas expression pattern. The RA/CP combined regimen would be a potential therapeutic approach for medulloblastomas.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Division of Molecular Biology, Shenyang Medical College, 110031 Shenyang, P.R. China.

Publication date: February 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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