The Hep3B cell line analyzed in the present study is a widely used in vitro model in studies characterizing pathogenetic, functional, and therapeutic aspects of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we have determined the chromosomal composition using a combination of cytogenetic
techniques. In agreement with the original description for this cell line, Hep3B was found to have a hypotriploid chromosome content carrying 59-63 chromosomes and no cytogenetic differences were demonstrated between early and late passages suggesting that this cell line has remained stable
after repeated subculturing. Mutations and alterations of the IGF-axis as well as of chromosome 1p34, where the genes for histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and transforming growth factor beta receptor interacting protein-1 (TRIP-1) map, are frequent events in hepatocarcinogenesis. This study characterizes
the Hep3B cell line in detail at the karyotypic level, using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), spectral karyotyping (SKY), G-banding and FISH techniques. We have also examined the effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) on members of the IGF-axis, and analysed
them with regard to the karyotype. The results show that expression of one member of the IGF-axis, IGFBP-3, is greatly upregulated by treatment of Hep3B cells with TSA. As IGFBP-3 has been shown to induce apoptosis, these results suggest a possible use for histone deacetylase inhibitors and/or
IGFBP-3 in the treatment of HCC.
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Document Type: Research Article
Laboratory for Molecular Development and Tumor Biology, Experimental Alcohol and Drug Addiction Research Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Hospital, CMM, L8:01, S-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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