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Non-AIDS-defining neoplasms and HIV infection.

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The purpose of this study was to characterise the epidemiological and the clinical features of non-AIDS-defining neoplasms (NAN) in HIV-infected subjects in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). A retrospective cohort of 4,041 subjects was established. Patients were recruited from January 1989 to December 1998. We observed 51 NAN over the study period. The overall incidence rate was 0.21 per 100 person-years (PY) and it remained stable, also after the introduction, in 1996 of HAART. Moreover, stratifying according to the type of neoplasms there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of NAN over the study period. While the epidemiological features of NAN generally was not different from that observed in immunocompetent individuals, the neoplasms had a more aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis. Survival analysis showed that the presence of NAN significantly reduced the survival of patients with AIDS (P=0.01; OR=0.62; 95% CI=0.47-0.96) compared with matched controls. The overall mortality-rate was 63% with an incidence rate of 0.13 per 100 PY. Although the incidence rate of NAN is not of great magnitude, as the number of HIV-infected individuals continues to increase and their survival improves, the number of HIV-infected subjects with NAN might consequently increase as well as the related morbidity and mortality.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Infectious Diseases, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.

Publication date: December 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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