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Molecular bases for the anti-HIV-1 effect of NO. Commentary.

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In infected human cells, nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to inhibit the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), the etiological agent of AIDS. Evidence suggests that NO may regulate HIV-1 replication by affecting the sulphydryl redox state. In this respect, it has been very recently demonstrated that NO-donors inactivate the HIV-1-encoded protease and reverse transcriptase in vitro. Further viral and host NO targets may be envisaged. Although no data are available on the anti-HIV-1 effect of NO in vivo, NO-releasing drugs, clinically used in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, may represent a novel class of molecules for decreasing virus replication. Here, the possible molecular bases for the anti-HIV-1 effect of NO are discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Biology, University of Rome , I-00146 Rome, Italy.

Publication date: October 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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