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Homocysteine screening of a female Hispanic population.

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A total of 821 women of Hispanic descent aged 21-65 years, were screened for total and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol through outpatient clinics and public screening. Of this group, 78 were invited back for further testing because they had a total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio exceeding 4.5 indicative of high risk for cardiovascular disease. Written consent and a fasting blood sample was obtained from these women, and tested for serum homocysteine. The concentrations for 77 of the 78 women (mean 8. 40+/-2.24, range 4.21-13.99 micromol/l) were within the pre-established normal range for women. One subject had an exceptionally high homocysteine concentration of 137 micromol/l. This subject subsequently developed a stroke and has been institutionalized since that time. Blood from the subject and immediate family members were tested for the 5'-10'-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphism. The subject and her children were both hyperhomocysteinemic and heterozygous for the mutation. One of the children also had a low vitamin B12 concentration in blood. Although the high homocysteine and cardiovascular risk in these subjects were likely due to a dietary deficiency of the vitamins, the MTHFR mutation may have also been a contributing factor. With the availability of rapid assays, screening blood for homocysteine in subjects deemed at high risk for cardiovascular disease may be justified.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA.

Publication date: September 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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