Oxidant stress regulation of IL-8 and ICAM-1 gene expression: differential activation and binding of the transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB (Review).
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated either extracellularly or intracellularly through ligand-receptor interactions, can function as signal transduction molecules to activate the chemotactic cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) and the cell surface adhesion protein, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD54). Together, IL-8 and ICAM-1 orchestrate the transendothelial migration of neutrophils to sites of inflammation and injury. Recent results demonstrate that oxidant stress generated directly by exogenous H2O2 differentially induce IL-8 and ICAM-1 transcription in epithelial and endothelial cells. H2O2 induces IL-8 but not ICAM-1 in the A549 type-II-like epithelial cell line, whereas in a microvessel endothelial cell line (HMEC-1) as well as in primary endothelial cells, H2O2 induces ICAM-1 but not IL-8, which is spontaneously expressed. In contrast, the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNFalpha, whose activity is dependent on the generation of intracellular ROS, induces IL-8 and ICAM-1 in both cell types. The differential induction of IL-8 and ICAM-1 by H2O2 and TNFalpha suggest that the two inflammatory stimuli target distinct redox responsive signaling pathways to activate cell type-specific gene expression. In this regard, we found that the cell type-specific pattern of IL-8 and ICAM-1 gene expression was associated with the differential activation and promoter binding of the redox regulated transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB. In this review, our current understanding of the redox regulation of the IL-8 and ICAM-1 genes is summarized, and the differential roles AP-1 and NF-kappaB play in their cell type-specific expression, with particular emphasis on the differential effects induced by TNFalpha and H2O2 is discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
Publication date: September 1, 1999
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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