The role of the splenic immune system in the development of high sensitivity of p53 transgenic mice to low doses of carcinogen and vaccination was investigated immunohistochemically and morphometrically. Spleens were obtained from human p53 promoter-chloramphenicol acetyl transferase
transgenic mice, grouped as follows: 1, untreated controls; 2, exposed to dimethylhydrazine (DMH); 3, and 4, vaccinated with polyclonal antibodies to soluble-53 kDa protein (s53); 5, vaccinated with monoclonal PAb DO1; 6, vaccinated with monoclonal PAb 421; 7, vaccinated with polyclonal alphaH-p53
antibody. Mice in groups 4-7 were treated with DMH after the course of vaccination. Six months later all the mice were tumor-free, but effects of the low dose carcinogen were distinct in the splenic immune system. They were mainly manifested in blast transformation: the total number of lymphocytes
and lymphoblasts decreased to 56.5% of the controls. The total of lymphoid cells in the follicles (B zone) and periarterial lymph sheath (T zone) declined, reflecting moderate insufficiency of the spleen's lymphoid system. Vaccination of transgenic mice with antibodies to soluble-p53 elicited
mainly a B system response, with lesser T system involvement. Only few signs of B system insufficiency were found in these mice. Vaccination of mice with different antibodies, with subsequent carcinogen treatment, caused changes in the spleen that were similar to those described for DMH alone,
but varied with different anti-p53 antibodies. Vaccination with polyclonal antibodies to soluble-p53, or with monoclonal antibodies PAb DO1 or PAb 421, stimulated the splenic activity of T system, and therefore can decrease the tumorigenic effect of carcinogens.
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Document Type: Research Article
Laboratory of Experimental Oncology, The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.
August 1, 1999
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
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