Antitumor effects of interleukin-12 in pre-clinical and early clinical studies (Review).
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) previously called cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor (CLMF) or NK cell stimulatory factor (NKSF) is a recently characterized heterodimeric cytokine composed of two subunits. Although identified no more than 10 years ago IL-12 has already proved efficacious in numerous pre-clinical tumor immunotherapy studies. Animal studies revealed that IL-12 has powerful antitumor, anti-metastatic and anti-angiogenic activities and seems to be less toxic than other immunotherapeutics such as interferons or IL-2. A number of pre-clinical studies with IL-12 prompted the evaluation of this cytokine in the treatment of human cancers. Results of phase I and early phase II clinical trials have already been reported and these are described here together with a brief discussion concerning IL-12-related toxicities and potential methods of their prevention.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Immunology, Institute of Biostructure, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland.
Publication date: May 1, 1999
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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