Expression and characterization of protein kinase C in isolated rabbit parietal cells.
We investigated the expression, characterization and distribution of protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes in isolated rabbit parietal cells (PC). Cellular extracts of PC were analyzed by Western blot using isozyme-specific antibodies. The Ca2+-independent PKC-epsilon was detected in cytosolic, membrane and cytoskeletal fractions of basal and histamine-stimulated PC, whereas the Ca2+-dependent PKC-alpha was confined to the cytosolic and membrane fractions. Cytosolic and membrane fractions were partially purified by DEAE cellulose column chromatography with elution of increasing NaCl concentration. Eluates of 0.15 M and 0.3 M NaCl PC fractions were identified as PKC-alpha and -epsilon isoforms, respectively. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) treatment of PC for 15, 30 and 60 sec decreased significantly cytosolic PKC-alpha and increased membrane-associated PKC-alpha. In contrast to the distribution of PKC-alpha, TPA did not alter membrane or cytosolic level of PKC-epsilon. Comparison of the dose-response curves between TPA-induced hydrogen (H+) secretion, as measured by aminopyrine (AP) uptake, and the membrane-associated PKC-alpha suggests that translocation of PKC-alpha is not involved in the H+ secretory process in PC. Furthermore, a PKC inhibitor, staurosporine, produced a concentration-dependent enhancement of histamine-stimulated H+ secretion. These findings suggest that PKC-alpha plays a negative modulatory role, rather than an obligatory role, in H+ secretion. The localization and distribution of PKC-epsilon into the cytoskeletal fraction of PC also suggests that this isozyme may be involved in the cellular regulation of reversible morphological transformation during stimulation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.
Publication date: May 1, 1999
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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