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Enhancement of protein kinase activity in the cytosol of regenerating rat liver: regulatory role of endogenous regucalcin.

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The effect of regucalcin, a Ca2+-binding protein, on protein kinase activity in the cytosol of regenerating rat liver was investigated. Protein phosphorylation was significantly increased in the liver cytosol obtained at 6, 24, and 48 h after a partial hepatectomy (about 65%) in comparison with that of sham-operated rats. This increase was significantly inhibited by the addition of trifluoperazine (2x10(-5) M), staurosporine (10(-7) M) or genistein (10(-5) M), which is an inhibitor of protein kinases, in the reaction mixture. The presence of regucalcin (0.1-0.5 microM) caused a significant decrease in protein phosphorylation in the cytosol from normal and regenerating rat livers. The effect of regucalcin (0.5 microM) was completely abolished by the addition of anti-regucalcin monoclonal antibody (50 ng/ml). The elevation of protein phosphorylation in regenerating rat liver was significantly enhanced by the presence of anti-regucalcin monoclonal antibody (50 ng/ml). The effect of regucalcin in decreasing protein phosphorylation in the cytosol of regenerating rat liver was not seen in the presence of the antibody. The present study demonstrates that protein kinase activity, is enhanced in the cytosol of regenerating rat liver, and that endogenous regucalcin has an inhibitory role in the enhancement of protein phosphorylation by various protein kinases.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratory of Endocrinology and Molecular Metabolism, Graduate School of Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka City 422-8526, Japan.

Publication date: May 1, 1999

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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