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Possible prediction of adverse reactions to fluorouracil by the measurement of urinary dihydrothymine and thymine.

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Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency with a defect of the pyrimidine catabolic pathway has recently become the focus of considerable attention, due to the severe 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicities occurring in DPD deficiency patients. Studies also suggest that 5-FU toxicities could occur in another pyrimidine metabolic disorder, dihydropyrimidinuria (DHPuria). This study shows that urinary dihydrothymine (DHT) and thymine (THY) are useful indexes for detection of DPD deficiency and DHPuria. We measured urinary DHT and THY in 276 Japanese adults to establish reference ranges. When males and females were compared, both DHT and THY levels were found to be significantly higher in females. The reference ranges (mean +/- SD with logarithmic values) for males were found to be 1.56-5.70 micromol/g of creatinine for DHT and 0.40-1.47 micromol/g of creatinine for THY. The reference ranges for females were found to be 1.89-8.33 micromol/g of creatinine for DHT and 0.58-2.30 micromol/g of creatinine for THY. In addition to this study we analyzed a DPD deficiency case and a DHPuria case. In the DPD deficiency case, the THY concentrations of all urine samples were out of the reference range. However, uracil levels in most of the samples were within the normal range. The DHPuria case excreted large amounts of DHT and dihydrouracil, both out of the normal range.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Nagoya City University Medical School, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.

Publication date: October 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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