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Functional roles of HIV accessory proteins for viral replication (review).

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Numerous lentiviruses, including human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2) of causative agents of human AIDS as representative, have been recently isolated from various species of primates. The fundamental and most prominent feature of the viruses is the presence of a number of accessory genes in their genomes. Extensive biological and biochemical studies have demonstrated that the accessory gene products are not essential for viral replication at least in certain types of cells. Quite surprisingly, some of these accessory proteins are absolutely non-essential in any types of cells so far examined. In this brief review, our systematic genetic studies on the importance of the accessory proteins of HIV-1 and HIV-2 for viral replication are described and discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Virology, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan.

Publication date: October 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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