Synthesis, biological effects and pathophysiological implications of the novel arachidonic acid metabolite 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (Review).
Arachidonic acid is rapidly metabolized by several distinct enzymes including the 5-lipoxygenase generating leukotrienes and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE). These well studied metabolites cause a variety of physiological and pathophysiological effects in different tissues. Recently, oxidation of 5-HETE to 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE) by an NADP+-dependent dehydrogenase has been demonstrated. Calcium ionophors and protein kinase C activators stimulate the synthesis of 5-oxo-ETE in neutrophils, eosinophils and monocytes. This novel arachidonic acid metabolite has a potent chemotactic activity for neutrophils and eosinophils. It stimulates adhesion of neutrophils and induces reactive oxygen metabolites in eosinophils. There is evidence that 5-oxo-ETE and 5-HETE interact with a specific G-protein coupled receptor. Since in contrast to 5-oxo-ETE much higher concentrations of 5-HETE are needed to provoke cell responses, 5-oxo-ETE might be the physiological relevant ligand for this putative receptor. Further downstream signalling pathways of this ligand include calcium transients, actin polymerization, activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and MAP-kinase. 5-oxo-ETE has been extracted from scales of psoriatic patients and injection of 5-oxo-ETE into rabbit subcutis causes a severe edema with an inflammatory cell infiltrate resembling an urticarial lesion. These findings indicate, that 5-oxo-ETE might play a role in different cutaneous inflammatory diseases.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Departments of clinical and experimental dermatology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
Publication date: August 1, 1998
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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