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Use of the bnx/hu xenograft model of human hematopoiesis to optimize methods for retroviral-mediated stem cell transduction (Review).

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The potentiality of primitive human hematopoietic cells can be profoundly affected by in vitro culture. Due to the growing number of protocols proposed for stem cell gene therapy and ex vivo expansion, it is crucial to define methods to preserve the generative capacity of human stem cells in culture while promoting self-renewal divisions. Stem cell division, homing, and subsequent lineage development can only be studied definitively by marking of pluripotent cells, followed by tracking and clonal analysis of the progeny in a long-term transplantation system. We have developed a bnx/hu xenograft model, in which transduced human hematopoietic cells can be individually tracked into different lineages over the course of one year post-transplantation. The tracking is accomplished by single cell cloning of individual T lymphoid and myeloid progenitors recovered from the marrow of the mice, and clonal integration analysis by the sensitive technique of single-colony inverse PCR. All cells derived from a stem cell transduced by a retroviral vector will carry the unique restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) created by the random integration event. We have used the bnx/hu xenograft system coupled with single-colony inverse PCR to determine that human stem cells require stromal support, fibronectin support with cytokines, or the presence of Flt3 ligand during a 72-h ex vivo culture to maintain the ability to sustain long-term multilineage hematopoiesis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Division of Research Immunology/Bone Marrow Transplantation, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles and University of Southern California School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA.

Publication date: January 1, 1998

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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