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Construction and in vitro evaluation of RFT5(scFv)-ETA', a new recombinant single-chain immunotoxin with specific cytotoxicity toward CD25+ Hodgkin-derived cell lines.

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The data of a closed phase I/II trial in patients with resistant Hodgkin's lymphoma indicate promising results using a chemically linked anti-CD25 ricin-A immunotoxin (IT) (RFT5-SMPT-dgA). This IT is based on the high-affinity moab RFT5. Since recombinant DNA technology permits the readier production of large amounts of ITs, we constructed a new RFT5-based fusion toxin [RFT5(scFv)-ETA']. We isolated mRNA from the hybridoma cell line RFT5, synthesized first strand cDNA and performed RT-PCR. Amplified coding regions of the light and heavy chain variable domains were joined together with a synthetic (Gly4-Ser)3 linker. The resulting single chain variable fragment (scFv) was fused to a modified Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (ETA') lacking its cell-binding domain I. After IPTG-induced expression in Escherichia coli, the 70 kDa His-tagged fusion protein [RFT5(scFv)-ETA'] was isolated by osmotic shock and sonication under denaturing conditions. The recombinant toxin was purified on a Ni2+-NTA chelating sepharose and eluted with 250 mM imidazole. Pooled protein was renatured, dialyzed and concentrated by precipitation. Binding properties of RFT5(scFv)-ETA' were assessed on the CD25-expressing cell line L540cy by ELISA, immunohistochemistry and FACS analysis. CD25-specific binding was confirmed by immunoprecipitation experiments with recombinant human IL-2 receptor alpha. The in vitro toxicity of the chimeric protein was tested on the Hodgkin-derived cell lines L540cy, L428, L1236, a monocyte cell line U937 and a Burkitt lymphoma cell line BL38. RFT5(scFv)-ETA' inhibited protein biosynthesis of L540cy and L428 cells by 50% at concentrations (IC50) of 18 and 12 ng/ml, respectively. CD25-specific toxicity was confirmed by competitive toxicity assays. These data confirm for the first time binding specificity and toxicity of a recombinant anti-CD25 immunotoxin, against Hodgkin-derived cell lines; its applicability on Hodgkin's lymphoma needs yet to be evaluated in vivo.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Medizinische Klinik I der Universitat zu Koln, Labor fur Immunotherapie, D-50924 Koln, Germany.

Publication date: January 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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