Cytokines and anti-cytokine autoantibodies during experimental african trypanosomiasis in mice with disrupted interferon-gamma and interferon-gamma receptor genes.
We studied cytokines and anti-cytokine autoantibodies (Aabs) during T.b.brucei infections in IFN-gamma-/-, IFN-gammaR-/- and wild-type mice. Increased serum levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-gamma and IL-4 with decreased Aabs to these cytokines were recorded early during infections in all mice (except IFN-gamma in IFN-gamma-/- mice). Later, these responses were reversed, and surprisingly Aabs reacting to IFN-gamma in the IFN-gamma -/- mice were detected. To examine the possibility that an IFN-ç immunoreactive molecule might be expressed due to infections and upon gene deletion, anti-IFN-gamma antibody was inoculated and resulted in abrogation of such Aabs. The scenario was different for IL-10 and TGF- since IFN-gammaR-/- and wild-type mice showed low cytokines and high Aabs early during infections, but later high cytokines and low Aabs were registered. Interestingly, IFN-gamma-/- mice exhibited reversed levels of both IL-10 and TGF-beta, and also of their Aabs. Fab fragments of purified serum immunoglobulins showed binding and neutralizing effects in biological assays. Pre-absorption of the Fab fragments with a cytokine inhibited the binding and neutralization effects of this cytokine, but not of other cytokines. These results highlight an important role for autoimmunity in cytokine regulation, and that genomic deletion of IFN-gamma modulates cytokines and their Aab responses in experimental African trypanosomiasis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Division of Neurology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication date: January 1, 1998
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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