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Report of four cases of crowned dens syndrome: Clinical presentation, CT findings and treatment

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The clinical manifestations of crowned dens syndrome (CDS) include acute neck pain and neck stiffness accompanied by restricted cervical range of motion. CDS is frequently misdiagnosed as meningitis, epidural abscess, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid polymyalgia, giant cell arteritis, cervical spondylosis or metastatic bone tumor, and the incidence of CDS appears to be underestimated. The present study reported on four cases of CDS diagnosed by CT. They included one male and three females, aged from 67 to 78 years, and their major symptoms were acute neck pain and restricted cervical range of motion. Serum C-reactive protein levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were significantly increased in all cases. Cervical CT scan revealed calcified deposits surrounding the odontoid process in all cases. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) markedly reduced the levels of inflammatory indicators and rapidly relieved the symptoms. CT scan is considered the gold standard for CDS diagnosis, which may demonstrate calcification around the odontoid process. The patients' symptoms may be improved by treatment with NSAIDs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery, Hubei 672 Orthopaedics Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, P.R. China

Publication date: October 1, 2020

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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