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Efficacy of antibioticimpregnated shunt versus conventional shunts to reduce cerebrospinal fluid infections in children: A systematic review and metaanalysis

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Hydrocephalus is among the most common pediatric conditions treated by neurosurgeons. An antibioticimpregnated shunt (AIS) was designed to reduce the rate of shunt infections. The objective of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to assess the efficiency of AIS in reducing the rate of shunt infection compared with standard shunts (SSs). A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Library, TRIP Database, CINAHL and Google Scholar databases was performed. Eligible studies included observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCT) that compared the effects of AIS and SS for preventing shunt infections in pediatric patients. Twelve observational studies and one RCT conducted from January 2005 through October 2019 involving 7,952 pediatric patients were included in the analysis. The use of AIS significantly decreased the risk of CRI [risk ratio (RR) 0.42; 95% confidence interval: 0.33 to 0.53; P<0.00001] with no statistical heterogeneity across the included studies (I2=42%). This analysis demonstrates that the use of AIS significantly reduces the risk of shunt infection in pediatric patients.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Paediatrics, Huzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Huzhou, Zhejiang 313000, P.R. China

Publication date: October 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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