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Development of a novel rat model of lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis induced by persistent compressive injury

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The aim of the present study was to develop a novel animal model of lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis induced by persistent compressive injury. An intraspinal compression spring was randomly implanted into either the L4/5 or the L5/6 spinal segments of 40 Sprague Dawley (SD) rats to induce compression. Shamoperations were used in the other segment of the same rats as the control levels. The animals were sacrificed at 7, 14, 28, 42 and 56┬ádays after surgery, prior to the radiological confirmation of the spring location. Degeneration of the lumbar facet joints was evaluated by macroscopic observation in addition to histological and immunohistological analyses. The results of this present study revealed the absence of spring dislocation during the entire observation period. Macroscopic and Osteoarthritis Research Society International scores of the compression levels were found to be higher in the compression levels compared with those noted in the control levels (P<0.05). In addition, interleukin1β and tumor necrosis factorα expression in the compression levels were increased over time compared with those recorded in the control levels. In conclusion, persistent compressive injury may induce degeneration of the lumbar facet joint. This novel animal model could serve as a useful tool for further studies into the mechanisms of action and potential treatment of lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA Medical School, Beijing 100853, P.R. China 2: Department of Orthopaedics, The Fourth People's Hospital of Hengshui City, Hengshui, Hebei 053000, P.R. China

Publication date: October 1, 2020

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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