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Current diagnosis and management strategies in pachychoroid spectrum of diseases (Review)

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This review presents a systematic analysis of the literature regarding the pachychoroid disease spectrum nomenclature, diagnosis criteria and therapeutic options. Pachychoroid related diseases are a new concept, introduced into the ophthalmological nomenclature in 2013 and evolving both as concept and as classification since then. The six disorders included in this phenotype have some common characteristics (thick choroid, pachyvessels, attenuation of the choriocapillaris), but also show individual features. The classification of the pachychoroid spectrum was revised many times, with the recent addition of the focal choroidal excavation (FCE) and peripapillary pachychoroid syndrome (PPS). As the terminology is developing, so is the number of case reports and case series from the initial report in 2013 to 57 reports in 2019. This review takes into account both the current literature and the clinical experience of the authors, emphasizing the understanding of the pathogenesis and aiming to update the therapeutic options available.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Ophthalmology, ‘Grigore T. Popa’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iai, Romania 2: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, ‘Transmed Expert’ Medical Center, 700011 Iai, Romania 3: Department of Physiopathology, ‘Grigore T. Popa’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iai, Romania

Publication date: October 1, 2020

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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