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Protective effect and mechanism of mesenchymal stem cells on heat stroke induced intestinal injury

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Heat stroke (HS) is considered to be a severe systemic inflammatory reaction disease that is caused by high fever. The mortality of HS is high worldwide due to the lack of effective treatments. Presently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to serve roles in inflammation and immune regulation. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of MSCs against the HSinduced inflammatory response and organ dysfunction. A rat model of HS was induced by a hightemperature environment and treated with MSCs via tail veins. The levels of molecular markers of organ function, inflammatory factors and chemokines were examined at days 1, 7, 14 and 28. Histological staining was performed on the intestines of rats and control groups, and the Chiu's scores of the two groups were compared. The results revealed that MSCs injection significantly reduced the mortality and inhibited the circulatory inflammatory response. Additionally, main organ function, such as in the liver and kidney, were significantly improved following MSCs infusion in HS rats. Furthermore, MSCs treatment significantly improved edema, necrosis and villus exfoliation of intestinal mucosa, and reduced the inflammatory response of intestinal tissue. These results indicated that MSC infusion had therapeutic effects on HS of rats by regulating the circulatory and intestinal inflammatory response. Moreover, MSCs may be able to protect organ function and promote tissue repair in HS. The results of the current study indicated that MSCs may be used as a potential method to treat HS and the resulting organ dysfunction.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing 100853, P.R. China 2: Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, P.R. China 3: Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, P.R. China

Publication date: October 1, 2020

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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