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Crosssectional study of retroperitoneal hematoma after invasive intervention in a Chinese population: Prevalence, characteristics, management and outcomes

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The present study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics and management of retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH) after invasive intervention during a 12year period in China. A retrospective review of patients with RPH after various invasive interventions was conducted at the China National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases. A total of 42 patients with a mean age of 63.1±2.5 years were continuously recruited in the study between January 2007 and September 2018. The incidence, manifestations and management of RPH were analyzed. A total of 20 patients had punctures in the femoral arterial access under the inguinal ligament and 5 patients had punctures above the inguinal ligament. The majority of RPH occurred within 24 h after intervention, while some occurred after postoperative 24 h. Pain was the most common symptom in patients with RPH. All patients who underwent intervention presented a reduction in hemoglobin (HB) concentration. The overall incidence of nosocomial infection was 38.1% and mortality was 7.1%. The findings demonstrated that RPH is a rare complication after invasive intervention of cardiovascular diseases with nonspecific clinical manifestations. The reduction of HB concentration was a vital manifestation for RPH. Most RPH cases could be treated by conservative treatment and blood transfusion. A puncture in the femoral arterial access under the inguinal ligament may result in RPH.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Cardiology, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, P.R. China

Publication date: October 1, 2020

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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