The aim of the present study was to establish an experimental animal model of fracture nonunion, and to investigate the changes in serum biomarker concentrations in fracture nonunion. A total of 20 purebred New Zealand rabbits were divided into two group: A bone defect group
and a bone fracture group. In the bone defect group, a 15mm section of bone (including the periosteum) was removed from the midradius, and the medullary cavities were closed with bone wax. In the bone fracture group, the midradius was fractured. Xrays were taken and blood samples were collected
preoperatively and at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after the surgical procedure. The serum concentrations of osteocalcin (OC) and bonespecific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) served as markers of bone formation, and those of Cterminal
telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), Nterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX) and tartrateresistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) served as markers of bone resorption. The concentration levels of the markers were measured using a biotin doubleantibody sandwich enzymelinked
immunosorbent assay. In the bone defect group, bone callus was observed on Xray at 2 weeks in three rabbits and the bone calluses stabilized at 5 weeks; however, none of the bones had healed at 8 weeks. In the bone fracture group, the fracture line was distorted at 2 weeks
and bone calluses formed at 68 weeks. In the bone defect group, the serum BSAP and TRACP 5b concentrations increased following the surgical procedure, peaked at 4 weeks, began to decrease at 5 weeks and stabilized after 6 weeks. The serum OC concentrations did not
change significantly following the surgical procedure. The serum CTX concentrations fluctuated during the first 4 weeks, peaked at 5 weeks, then decreased and stabilized after 6 weeks. The serum NTX concentrations fluctuated during the first 4 weeks, were significantly
lower at 5 weeks compared with the other time points and stabilized after 6 weeks. These results suggested that a bone nonunion model can be established in New Zealand rabbits by resecting a 15mm section of bone from the midradius prior to bone wax blocking. Measurement of the
serum BSAP, CTX, NTX, and TRACP 5b concentrations may be useful for the early detection of bone nonunion. The serum NTX concentrations changed significantly in rabbits with bone nonunion. Further studies are required in order to determine the feasibility of using serum NTX concentrations
for the early diagnosis of bone nonunion.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, P.R. China
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hainan Provincial People's Hospital, Haikou, Hainan 570311, P.R. China
Publication date: January 1, 2016
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Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.
All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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