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Clinical utility of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in malignant pleural mesothelioma

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Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive malignant tumor of mesothelial origin associated with asbestos exposure. MPM has a limited response to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, thus early diagnosis of MPM is extremely critical. CT scans have limited accuracy in the differentiation between benign and malignant pleural disease. Several studies have reported that 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) plays an important role in the assessment of thoracic malignancy such as lung cancer. Here, we investigated the clinical utility of PET in patients with MPM. The maximum SUV (SUVmax) of 18F-FDG was measured in 47 MPM patients and 29 non-MPM patients including those with pleural thickening. We demonstrated that patients with MPM had significantly higher SUVmax levels than a population with non-malignant pleural disease. The Kaplan-Meier method revealed significant differences in overall survival between groups with SUVmax levels lower and higher than the assumed cutoff. Our data suggest that SUVmax levels are useful as an aid for diagnosis and prognosis of MPM.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Hyogo, Japan 2: Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo Prefectural Tsukaguchi Hospital, Hyogo, Japan

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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  • Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine aims to ensure the expedient publication, in both print and electronic format, of studies relating to biology, gene therapy, infectious disease, microbiology, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. The journal welcomes studies pertaining to all aspects of molecular medicine, and studies relating to in vitro or in vivo experimental model systems relevant to the mechanisms of disease are also included.

    All materials submitted to this journal undergo the appropriate review via referees who are experts in this field. All materials submitted follow international guidelines with regard to approval of experiments on humans and animals.
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