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Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of the Scavenging Process in the MAN B&W 7S50MC Two-Stroke Marine Diesel Engine

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This paper focuses on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis to simulate the scavenging process in the MAN B&W 7S50MC. This is a two-stroke diesel engine with uniflow scavenging. In recent years, low-speed, MC type two-stroke engines have become very popular in a huge number of different ships. Using the commercial software ANSYS Fluent, the pressure, velocity, and mass fraction fields were obtained, as well as the scavenging efficiency. As expected, the results show a swirling movement around the cylinder axis. To validate the numerical model, the in-cylinder pressure was successfully compared with experimental measurements, indicating that the proposed CFD approach can simulate the compression/expansion process with a good degree of accuracy. These results provide interesting information to improve two-stroke engines because the scavenging process plays a crucial role in pollution levels, performance, and efficiency. Accordingly, the aim of future work is to use this numerical model to improve the design of current large and medium marine engines.
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Keywords: computational fluid dynamics (CFD); scavenging; two-stroke engine

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • The Journal of Ship Research is a quarterly publication providing highly technical papers on applied research in hydrodynamics, propulsion, ship motions, structures, and vibrations. While the Journal requires that papers present the results of research that advances ship and ocean science and engineering, most contributions bear directly on other disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, applied mathematics, and numerical analysis. High quality papers are contributed from the U.S., Canada and overseas, with representation from established authorities as well as new researchers.
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