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RANS Computational Fluid Dynamics Predictions of Pitch and Heave Ship Motions in Head Seas

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This work extends the previous effort in unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations developed by the ship hydrodynamics group of the University of Iowa Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research to the capability to predict pitch and heave motions of ships with forward speed in regular head seas. The simulations are performed with CFDSHIP-IOWA, which is a general-purpose, multiblock, high-performance parallel computing RANS code. Numerical verification studies in space and time demonstrate convergence for nearly all variables. The modified Wigley hull form experimental data presented in Journee (1992) are compared with simulation results over a range of Froude numbers, wavelengths, and wave amplitudes and found to give accurate results, with uncertainties less than 2%. Viscous ship motions characteristics are investigated by decomposing the full nonlinear problem into the forward speed diffraction and pitch and heave radiation problems, in the manner of strip theory. Comparisons between the current viscous RANS solutions and those from experiments, strip theory, and nonlinear potential flow simulations show the RANS method to predict damping and added mass coefficients with a high degree of accuracy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of Ship Research is a quarterly publication providing highly technical papers on applied research in hydrodynamics, propulsion, ship motions, structures, and vibrations. While the Journal requires that papers present the results of research that advances ship and ocean science and engineering, most contributions bear directly on other disciplines, such as civil and mechanical engineering, applied mathematics, and numerical analysis. High quality papers are contributed from the U.S., Canada and overseas, with representation from established authorities as well as new researchers.
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