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Laparoscopic Shunt Revision Avoids Many Complications of Open Shunt Revision and Has Outcomes Similar to First-time Shunt Placement

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Open revision of abdominal shunts is associated with increased risk of wound infection, visceral injury, hernia, and shunt complications. We hypothesized that laparoscopic revision mitigates these risks to a level similar to initial (i.e., first-time) shunt placement. This was a single-center, multisurgeon, retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent either laparoscopic initial shunt placement or laparoscopic shunt revision over a 5-year period. Outcomes were operative time, length of stay, and 30-day complication rate. Sixty-nine patients underwent laparoscopic shunt revision and 99 patients underwent laparoscopic initial shunt placement. Operative times were nearly identical (75 vs 73 minutes, P = 0.63). There were no significant differences in blood loss or hospital length of stay. Abdominal complications and total complications did not differ between groups. Laparoscopic shunt revision avoided many of the known complications of open shunt revision and had outcomes similar to initial laparoscopic shunt placement.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2015

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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