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Cytoreductive Surgery with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in Peritoneal Sarcomatosis

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Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) is the treatment most likely to achieve prolonged survival for peritoneal surface disease from various primaries, yet management of peritoneal sarcomatosis is controversial as a result of the propensity of sarcomas for hematogenous spread and the paucity of effective chemotherapy. Therefore, we reviewed our experience in patients with sarcomatosis. A retrospective analysis of a prospective database of 990 procedures was performed. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, age, type of primary, resection status, morbidity, mortality, and outcomes were reviewed. Over 20 years, 17 cytoreductions for sarcomatosis were performed. After excluding patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor or uterine leiomyosarcoma, 10 procedures performed in seven patients remained. Median follow-up was 84.8 months. R0/1 resection was achieved in 60 per cent. The 30-day morbidity was 50 per cent; no operative mortality rate was observed. R2 resection had no long-term survivors. The reason for death was peritoneal recurrence in 57 per cent. Median survival was 21.6 months and five-year survival was 43 per cent. Median survival for patients with peritoneal sarcomatosis treated with CRS-HIPEC is similar with the historical reported survival before introducing chemoperfusion. Although a complete cytoreduction is related to improved survival, the role of HIPEC in these patients is unknown. A multi-institutional review will help define the role of CRS-HIPEC in this population.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Surgical Oncology Service in the Departments of General Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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