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Blunt Traumatic Bladder Rupture: A 10-year Perspective

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The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, features, and associated injuries of intraperitoneal (IP) and extraperitoneal (EP) bladder rupture (BR) resulting from blunt trauma. A retrospective study from September 2001 to August 2011 was performed for blunt traumatic BR in adults. Demographics, mean Injury Severity Score (ISS), mean length of stay (LOS), incidence, mortality, operative repair, and associated injuries were evaluated. Of 15,168 adult blunt trauma admissions over 10 years, 54 patients had BR (EP = 22, IP = 27, EP + IP = 5; incidence = 0.36%). Sixty-three per cent were male. The mean age, ISS, and LOS were 40 years, 29, and 15 days, respectively. The mortality rate was 11 per cent. Fifty-two per cent of BR was the result of a motor vehicle crash. Most BRs were diagnosed by computed tomography cystogram. Eighty per cent had pelvic fracture. Hollow viscus injury was present in 34.5 per cent of patients. Colonic injury was seen in 24 per cent and 9.3 per cent had a rectal injury. Although BR is rare in adult blunt trauma, it is associated with high ISS, LOS, and mortality. Pelvic fractures are essentially present in all patients with EP BR. Hollow viscus injuries, especially colonic and rectal injuries, are more prominent in IP BR.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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