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The Need for Fundoplication at the Time of Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hernia Repair

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Most authors recommend an antireflux operation at the time of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. A fundoplication combats the potential postoperative reflux resulting from disruption of the hiatal anatomy and may minimize recurrence. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the differences in postoperative dysphagia, reflux symptoms, and hiatal hernia recurrence in patients with and without a fundoplication at the time of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair. Patients undergoing laparoscopic PEH repair from July 2006 to June 2012 were identified. Open repairs and reoperative cases were excluded. Patient characteristics, operative details, complications, and postoperative outcomes were recorded. Over the six-year period, 152 laparoscopic PEH repairs were performed. Mean age was 65.8 years (range, 31 to 92) and average body mass index was 29.9 kg/m2 (range, 18 to 52 kg/m2). Concomitant fundoplication was performed in 130 patients (86%), which was determined based on preoperative symptoms and esophageal motility. Mean operative times were similar with fundoplication (188 minutes) and without (184.5 minutes). At a mean follow-up of 13.9 months, there were 19 recurrences: 12.3 per cent (16 of 130) in the fundoplication group and 13.6 per cent (three of 22) in those without. Dysphagia lasting greater than six weeks was present in eight patients in the fundoplication group (6.2%) and in none in those without (P = 0.603). Eighteen percent of patients without a fundoplication reported postoperative reflux compared with 5.4 per cent of patients with a fundoplication (P = 0.055). In the laparoscopic repair of PEH, the addition of a fundoplication minimizes postoperative reflux symptoms without additional operative time. Neither dysphagia nor hiatal hernia recurrence is affected by the presence of a fundoplication.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center, Greenville, South Carolina, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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