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Factors Associated with Re-Excision in Patients with Early-Stage Breast Cancer Treated with Breast Conservation Therapy

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One of the risks of breast conservation surgery is local recurrence, which predominantly occurs as a result of inadequate surgical margins. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with close or positive surgical margins leading to reexcision (RE). The charts of 532 consecutive breast cancer patients treated at our center between September 2001 and June 2007 were reviewed to evaluate patients who opted for breast conservation surgery and needed reexcision. A total of 351 patients were treated with breast conservation, of which 118 (34%) had positive or close surgical margins and went on to RE. On univariate analysis, factors that significantly correlated with RE (P < 0.05) were preoperative diagnosis, final pathology, size of tumor, and presentation with nipple discharge. RE was necessary in 53 per cent of patients with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 57 per cent of patients diagnosed by surgical excision, 86 per cent of patients presenting with nipple discharge, and 87 per cent of patients with DCIS or invasive carcinoma with extensive intraductal component in the final pathology. Additionally, 53 per cent of patients with T3 tumors required RE. Age, race, and grade of tumor had no effect on RE rates. Most (75%) patients were able to ultimately have breast conservation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Breast Care Center, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., USA

Publication date: 01 March 2010

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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