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Dual Mechanism for Type-2 Diabetes Resolution after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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Resolution of Type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) after weight loss surgery is well documented, but the mechanism is elusive. We evaluated the glucose‐insulin metabolism of patients undergoing a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) using the intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) and compared it with patients who underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (AB) placement. Thirty-one female patients (age range, 20 to 50 years; body mass index, 47.2 kg/m2) underwent RYGB. Nine female patients underwent AB placement and served as control subjects. All patients underwent IVGTT at baseline and 1 month and 6 months after surgery. Thirteen patients undergoing RYGB and one patient undergoing AB exhibited impaired glucose tolerance or DM defined by the American Diabetes Association.

By 6 months post surgery, diabetes was resolved in all but one patient undergoing RYGB but not in the patient undergoing AB. Patients with diabetes undergoing RYGB demonstrated increased insulin secretion and β-cell responsiveness 1 month after surgery and continued this trend up to 6 months, whereas none of the patients undergoing AB had changes in β-cell function. Both patients undergoing RYGB and those undergoing AB demonstrated significant weight loss (34.6 and 35.0 kg/m2, respectively) and improved insulin sensitivity at 6 months. RYGB ameliorates DM resolution in two phases: 1) early augmentation of beta cell function at 1 month; and 2) attenuation of peripheral insulin resistance at 6 months. Patients undergoing AB only exhibited reduction in peripheral insulin resistance at 6 months but no changes in insulin secretion.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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