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Nonoperative Management of Spontaneous Splenic Rupture in Infectious Mononucleosis: The Role for Emerging Diagnostic and Treatment Modalities

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Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a self-limiting lymphoproliferative disorder affecting teenagers and young adults. Splenomegaly is a common manifestation of IM and results in a compromised organ that may rarely rupture spontaneously, with significant morbidity and mortality. The IM spleen should be protected from even minor trauma. Although traditional management of spontaneous splenic rupture in IM has been splenectomy, the role of nonoperative management is evolving. The advent of endovascular interventional modalities has augmented the physician's armamentarium in managing these patients nonoperatively. We report a case of spontaneous splenic rupture in a patient with IM managed conservatively with the aid of splenic angiography. The option of arteriography, with or without embolization, should be considered in the management of all patients with spontaneous splenic rupture in the setting of IM.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Department of Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York

Publication date: May 1, 2006

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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