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Open Access Content loaded within last 14 days When Environmental Chemistry Meets Ecotoxicology: Bioavailability of Inorganic Nanoparticles to Phytoplankton

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

The present review critically examines the state-of-the-art of the research concerning the likely environmental implications of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) with specific emphasis on their interactions with phytoplankton in the aquatic environment. Phytoplankton plays a key role in the global carbon cycle and contributes to the half of the global primary production, thus representing some of the Earth ' s most critical organisms making the life on our planet possible. With examples from our own research and the literature, we illustrate what happens when aquatic organisms are unintentionally exposed to metal-containing ENPs, which are increasingly released into the environment from nano-enabled materials. We highlight the complexity of the ENPs behavior in the aquatic environment and focus on the three key steps of the bioavailability process: exposure availability, uptake availability and toxico-availability. The influence of the phytoplankton on the ENPs fate in the aquatic environment is discussed, too.
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Keywords: BIOAVAILABILITY; ENGINEERED NANOPARTICLES; NANOTOXICOLOGY; PHYTOPLANKTON; WATER

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Department F.-A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science & Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, 66, boulevard Carl-Vogt, CH-1211 Genève 4, Switzerland;, Email: [email protected] 2: Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Department F.-A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science & Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, 66, boulevard Carl-Vogt, CH-1211 Genève 4, Switzerland 3: Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Department F.-A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science & Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, 66, boulevard Carl-Vogt, CH-1211 Genève 4, Switzerland 4: Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Department F.-A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science & Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, 66, boulevard Carl-Vogt, CH-1211 Genève 4, Switzerland

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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