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Pharmacoepidemiology and Big Data Analytics: Challenges and Opportunities when Moving towards Precision Medicine

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Pharmacoepidemiology is the study of the safety and effectiveness of medications following market approval. The increased availability and size of healthcare utilization databases allows for the study of rare adverse events, sub-group analyses, and long-term follow-up. These datasets are large, including thousands of patient records spanning multiple years of observation, and representative of real-world clinical practice. Thus, one of the main advantages is the possibility to study the real-world safety and effectiveness of medications in uncontrolled environments. Due to the large size (volume), structure (variety), and availability (velocity) of observational healthcare databases there is a large interest in the application of natural language processing and machine learning, including the development of novel models to detect drug–drug interactions, patient phenotypes, and outcome prediction. This report will provide an overview of the current challenges in pharmacoepidemiology and where machine learning applications may be useful for filling the gap.
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Keywords: BIG DATA; MACHINE LEARNING; MEDICINE; PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: ETH Zurich, Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, HCI H 407, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 4/10, CH-8093 Zurich;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: December 1, 2019

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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