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Photoelectrochemical Cells Based on Dye Sensitization for Electricity and Fuel Production

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Dye-sensitized semiconductor oxide photoelectrodes in which light is absorbed by a monomolecular layer of dye chemisorbed on a porous oxide substrate have attracted considerable interest in the last 35 years, mainly for the conversion of sunlight to electricity, in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with maximal efficiencies in the range 10–15%, and, most recently, as dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells (DSPECs) for the generation of solar fuels. In the latter direction, considerable progress has been achieved but the efficiency is notably lower than for electricity generation. In the present review, the basic physicochemical principles of the DSSC and DSPEC operation are described, several keynote results reported, and the factors limiting the performance and necessitating further research highlighted.
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Keywords: DYE-SENSITIZED; MESOPOROUS; NANOSTRUCTURED; PHOTOELECTROCHEMISTRY; SOLAR CELL

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratory of Photomolecular Science, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, School of Basic Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne

Publication date: November 1, 2019

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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