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Structural Transition, Function and Dysfunction of TDP-43 in Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Altered cellular localization and pathologic aggregation of RNA binding proteins (RPBs) containing low complexity regions (LCRs) is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Given the importance of RBPs in maintaining a healthy RNA homeostasis, a common mechanism in disease progression is the loss of RNA-related cellular functions. In this review, we summarize and discuss the knowledge gained in the recent years on the molecular mechanisms of TDP-43 proteinopathies that comprise a set of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the mislocalization and aggregation of the RNA-binding protein TDP-43. Based on biophysical, biochemical and in vivo data, we highlight pathways that are misregulated early in disease and contribute to its progression, thereby representing attractive therapeutic targets.
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Keywords: ALS; FTD; NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES; PROTEIN AGGREGATION; PROTEIN MISFOLDING; RNA METABOLISM; TDP-43; TDP-43 PROTEINOPATHIES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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