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Open Access Structural Transition, Function and Dysfunction of TDP-43 in Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Altered cellular localization and pathologic aggregation of RNA binding proteins (RPBs) containing low complexity regions (LCRs) is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Given the importance of RBPs in maintaining a healthy RNA homeostasis, a common mechanism in disease progression is the loss of RNA-related cellular functions. In this review, we summarize and discuss the knowledge gained in the recent years on the molecular mechanisms of TDP-43 proteinopathies that comprise a set of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the mislocalization and aggregation of the RNA-binding protein TDP-43. Based on biophysical, biochemical and in vivo data, we highlight pathways that are misregulated early in disease and contribute to its progression, thereby representing attractive therapeutic targets.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

    As of December 31, 2021, CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry will no longer be hosted on Ingenta Connect. Please contact the publisher directly for more information.
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