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Open Access A Diversity of Asymmetric Nano-/Microcolloidal Architectures Grown by ATRP from Janus Seeds

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

The fabrication of colloids has witnessed significant progress during the last decade, however, fabrication of anisotropic colloidal particles with complex geometries still represents a challenging task. Here, we present nano-/micro-sized colloidal architectures which 'grow' directly from nanoparticle seeds by controlled radical polymerization, resembling the growth of plants from seeds in the natural world. Specifically, we use the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique to grow colloidal architectures from snowman-shaped Janus nanoparticle seeds (JNPS). The key to this synthetic approach is the asymmetric placement of the ATRP initiators in the bulk of one JNPS lobe. By starting the polymerization, monomers continuously add to the initiator containing the JNPS lobe, which subsequently grows into a larger colloidal structure. By controlling growth conditions mainly through the interaction strength between the monomer and JNPS, a variety of colloidal architectures result, for example, dish-, basket, cocoon-, flower-, helmet- mushroom-, dumpling and pumpkin-like geometries. Furthermore, each of these grown architectures have different surface morphologies, including smooth-, island- and grouped island nanostructures. The present work provides an alternative method to the synthesis of anisotropic particles with complex geometries and tunable surface morphologies, thus enriching the toolbox for the colloid synthesis.

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Keywords: ANISOTROPIC COLLOIDS; ATRP; JANUS NANOPARTICLES; SURFACE NANOSTRUCTURES

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology; Zurich University of Applied Sciences Einsiedlerstrasse 31, CH-8820 Wädenswil, SCS-DSM Award for best poster presentation in Polymer, Colloids & Interfaces 2: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology; Zurich University of Applied Sciences Einsiedlerstrasse 31, CH-8820 Wädenswil;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: April 1, 2019

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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