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Application of Prunus amygdalus By-products in Eco-friendly Dyeing of Textile Fabrics

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Natural dyes have become an interesting subject of study because of their better ecological properties in comparison to their synthetic counterparts. This article concerns the dyeing of wool, silk, and polyamide fabrics with natural dyes extracted from almond shells and stems. The developed method of dyeing by these extracts is interesting and very attractive for several reasons: firstly, the extracts used are the black liquor discharged from the industries of delignification, which is a chemical process for removing lignin from agricultural wastes to produce a cellulosic fiber; (ii) these natural dyes are renewable and available in large quantities; (iii) this method is economical; and (iv) lastly, the dyeing performances of the obtained dyed textiles are very promising. The color of each dyed material was investigated in terms of the CIELAB coordinates and their fastness properties measured by washing, rubbing, and light.
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Keywords: ALMOND SHELL; ALMOND STEM; FASTNESS PROPERTIES; NATURAL DYES; RESIDUAL LIGNIN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 30, 2018

This article was made available online on September 5, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Application of Prunus amygdalus By-products in Eco-friendly Dyeing of Textile Fabrics".

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