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Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants

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Chitosan grafted with poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) and adsorbed with kaolin functionalized as bioadhesive was prepared via emulsion polymerization technique and physiochemically characterized as a bone-graft substitute. The so prepared grafted bioactive bone cement (BBC) bionanocomposites (BNCs), chitosan-g-PMMA/kaolin, was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The water uptake, retention ability and the nanosize particle arrangement in the polymeric BBC-BNCs were studied along with the mechanical and biodegradation properties. These preliminary investigations of the BNCs will open the door for their use in bioadhesive bone-cement implants in the future.
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Keywords: BIOADHESIVE; BIONANOCOMPOSITE; BONE CEMENT; CHITOSAN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 14 October 2017

This article was made available online on 25 April 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants".

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