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Classification of inland Bolboschoenus-dominated vegetation in Central Europe

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Central European inland vegetation dominated by Bolboschoenus species was newly classified, based on current knowledge of taxonomic differentiation within the Bolboschoenus maritimus-complex. Altogether 225 phytosociological relevés from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Germany and Austria were analysed. Bolboschoenus-dominated vegetation is found in a broad range of both freshwater and saline habitats. Individual Bolboschoenus species grow in different habitats with different species composition. The freshwater vegetation, dominated by B. yagara, B. laticarpus and B. planiculmis, reflects ecological differentiation of these species from base-poor to alkaline substrates, and from littoral habitats to temporarily flooded depressions. The following freshwater associations were distinguished: Phalarido arundinaceae-Bolboschoenetum laticarpi Passarge 1999 corr. Krumbiegel 2006, concentrated in large river floodplains, Bolboschoenetum yagarae Eggler 1933 corr. Hroudová et al. 2009, typical of the littoral zone of fishponds on base-poor bedrocks, and Tripleurospermo inodori-Bolboschoenetum planiculmis Hroudová et al. 2009, occurring mainly in temporarily flooded depressions on arable land. Saline vegetation is dominated by Bolboschoenus maritimus s. str. The alliance Cirsio brachycephali-Bolboschoenion compacti (Passarge 1978) Mucina in Balátová-Tuláčková et al. 1993, previously interpreted as vegetation of inland saline marshes, actually relates to freshwater Bolboschoenus vegetation. Therefore a new alliance, Meliloto dentati-Bolboschoenion maritimi Hroudová et al. 2009, is proposed here to include saline reed vegetation of continental areas.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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  • Phytocoenologia (ISSN 0340-269X) is an international, peer-reviewed journal of plant community ecology. It is devoted to vegetation survey and classification at any organizational and spatial scale and without restriction to certain methodological approaches. The journal publishes original papers that develop new vegetation typologies as well as applied studies that use such typologies, for example, in vegetation mapping, ecosystem modelling, nature conservation, land use management or monitoring. Particularly encouraged are methodological studies that design and compare tools for vegetation classification and mapping, such as algorithms, databases and nomenclatural principles. Papers dealing with conceptual and theoretical bases of vegetation survey and classification are also welcome. While large-scale studies are preferred, regional studies will be considered when filling important knowledge gaps or presenting new methods.

    Phytocoenologia was founded by Reinhold Tüxen in 1973 and is published in collaboration with the International Association for Vegetation Science (IAVS; The journal closely cooperates with various subgroups of IAVS and serves as publication outlet for their workshops as well as for selected sessions of the IAVS Symposia. It contains special sections on “Phytosociological Nomenclature” and “Ecoinformatics”. Guest-edited Special Features that fall within the scope of the journal are also published.

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