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Antrodia neotropica sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota): a new South American species of Antrodia s.s. from Brazil based on morphological, molecular and ecological data

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During the revision of the Antrodia species from the Atlantic Forest in southern Brazil, some specimens collected on dead branches of Baccharis (Asteraceae) were found to represent an undescribed species, Antrodia neotropica sp. nov. Morphologically, this new species is characterized by resupinate to effused-reflexed basidiomata with a cream to brown pore surface, a dimitic hyphal system and basidiospores that are cylindrical to subcylindrical, in dorsi-ventral view with an obovoid aspect, and from the side-view present a sigmoid ventral side. Molecular phylogeny inferred from nrITS and nrLSU sequence data confirmed that this species belongs to the Antrodia s.s. clade, closely related to European and North American species, A. serpens and A. heteromorpha. Its relationships within Antrodia s.s. as well as biological and morphological characters of Antrodia s.s. are discussed.
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Keywords: ANTRODIA CLADE; BROWN-ROT POLYPORES; PHYLOGENY; TAXONOMY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2016

This article was made available online on March 22, 2016 as a Fast Track article with title: "<i>Antrodia neotropica</i> sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota): a new South American species of <i>Antrodia</i> s.s. from Brazil based on morphological, molecular and ecological ".

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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