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New record of cryoseston in the Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria

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The cryoseston communities (snow algae and fungi) of persisting snow fields in the Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains were surveyed by light microscopy. By the end of May 2011, numerous, although often scattered, snow fields in the highest parts of the central Rhodope Mountains from 1598 to 2186 m were sampled, some snowfields were slightly reddish (peak Snezanka, Golyama Syutka). In this psychrophilic environment, mainly Chlorophyta were found: Chloromonas cf. nivalis, Chloromonas brevispina, Ch. rostafinski, Cystococcus nivicolus, Pseudococcomyxa adherens/simplex, Stichococcus nivalis. Members of other taxonomic groups were, Chrysophyceae: Monas sp., Bacillariophyceae: Hantzschia amphioxys, Diatoma hiemale var. mesodon; Cyanobacteria: Aphanocapsa nivalis; Aphanothece clathrata, iron-bacteria: cf. Leptothrix ochracea; Fungi: Selenotila nivalis, Chionaster nivalis/ecornis, cf. Micromyces fischerii; Deuteromycetes: cf. Helminthosporium and some unidentified filamentous fungi. The cyanobacterium Aphanocapsa nivalis is a new species for Bulgaria. Aphanothece clathrata was determined for the first time in cryoseston. Macrosclereids of freshwater Porifera are a new finding in cryoseston.
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Keywords: APHANOCAPSA NIVALIS; BULGARIA; CRYOSESTON; RHODOPE MOUNTAINS; SNOW ALGAE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2014

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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