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Growth and development of ascomata in two species of Arthoniales, Arthonia calcarea and Alyxoria varia (Lichenized Ascomycota: Arthoniaceae and Lecanographaceae)

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The growth of ascomata in two opegraphoid lichens, Arthonia (Opegrapha) calcarea and Alyxoria (Opegrapha) varia was determined using sequential photography over a period of 36 years. Arthonia calcarea produced ascomata over the entire period and began to appear less than 18 months after thallus establishment. The growth rate of Alyxoria varia ascomata declined with age and mature ascospores appeared about 10 months after ascoma initiation. Ascomata reached maturity at c. 5 yr after which ascus density within the pseudohymenium declined, although individual ascomata may persist for a decade or more. Ascus density was greatest in the smallest ascomata sampled (<0.5 mm long).
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Keywords: ASCOMA GROWTH; ASCOMA LONGEVITY; LICHEN; REPRODUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2014

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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