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Bryophyte vegetation of the fumaroles from some Mediterranean and Macaronesian territories

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The results of a phytosociological investigation on the bryophyte communities, occurring in the fumaroles of Pantelleria (Sicily), Ischia and Pozzuoli (S Italy), Tenerife (Canary Islands), are given. It is a very peculiar vegetation linked to microclimatic hot-moist conditions of tropical type. The Mediterranean communities are included into the new class Campylopodetea vaporarii with one order (Campylopodetalia vaporarii) and one alliance (Campylopodion vaporarii); within this alliance the following associations are recognized: Campylopodetum vaporarii with the subassociations typicum and campylopodetosum pyriformis, Calymperetum erosi, Isopterygio teneri-Cyperetum polystachyi with the subassociations typicu , epipterygietosum tozeri and grimmietosum lisae. The association surveyed in the Macaronesian region is referred to Campylopodion piliferi, alliance belonging to the order Polytrichetalia piliferi of the class Ceratodonto-Polytrichetea piliferi; it is Campylopodetum polytrichoidis with two subassociations: dicranelletosum variae and campylopodetosum introflexi. Toevaluate the similarity among the relev├ęs a multivariate numerical analysis has been performed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2004

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  • Nova Hedwigia is an international journal publishing original, peer-reviewed papers on current issues of taxonomy, morphology, ultrastructure and ecology of all groups of cryptogamic plants, including cyanophytes/cyanobacteria and fungi. The half-tone plates in Nova Hedwigia are known for their high quality, which makes them especially suitable for the reproduction of photomicrographs and scanning and transmission electron micrographs.
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