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Serpentinization and chloritization of metamorphosed lherzolites in Darreh-Deh (east of Nain Ophiolite, Central Iran): Calcium source for rodingitization and tremolitization

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The petrography and mineral chemistry of the metamorphosed lherzolite in Darreh-Deh massif (east of Nain Ophiolite, Central Iran) is investigated in order to find the calcium source for rodingitization and tremolitization. In comparison with olivine and orthopyroxene, the clinopyroxene has lower modal content and is more alteration-resistant. The microprobe data and petrography of these lherzolites indicate that Ca2+ cations can be released during serpentinization of orthopyroxene (with ~18 vol% and CaO~2.7 wt%) and clinopyroxene (with ~6 vol% and CaO~ > 20 wt%). In contrast, per- vasive serpentinization of mantle olivine with ~70 vol% and CaO~0.02–0.07 wt% is another expected source for producing Ca2+ rather than metamorphic olivine with CaO~ < 0.02 wt%. The released Ca2+ cannot be completely accommodated in crystal lattice of produced serpentine (with CaO~0.02–0.06 wt%), talc and chlorite (with CaO~0.015 wt%), but it can participate in formation of Ca-bearing tremolite (CaO~13 wt%), as a result of serpentinization of clinopyroxenes or subsequent metamorphism of peridotites at amphibolite facies and in formation of coarse-grained clinopyroxene blades and tremolite during rodingitization. Therefore, the calcium content in clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene and olivine of a plagioclase–free peridotite is a potential source of Ca2+, depending on the degree of serpentinization or chloritization.
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Keywords: CALCIUM; PERIDOTITE; RODINGITIZATION; SERPENTINIZATION; TREMOLITIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2020

This article was made available online on November 11, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "Serpentinization and chloritization of metamorphosed lherzolites in Darreh-Deh (east of Nain Ophiolite, Central Iran): Calcium source for rodingitization and tremolitization".

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  • Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry publishes thorough, detailed studies of up to 30 printed pages as well as short and concise papers and notes (less than 15 printed pages) on mineralogy, i.e. crystallography, crystal chemistry, petrology, geochemistry and economic mineralogy (mineral deposits).

    Beginning with 2005, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogy (Abhandlungen) publish all papers formerly submitted to the two subjournals Abhandlungen and Monatshefte.
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