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Free Content Comments on: “The thermal zones of the Earth” by Wladimir Köppen (1884)

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The classical paper of Köppen (1884a) on “The thermal zones of the Earth according to the duration of hot, moderate and cold periods and of the impact of heat on the organic world”, published in the first volume of the , is considered today as an early forerunner of the most widely used Köppen-Geiger climate classification. We depict the historical background of the evolution of Köppen's climate classification from the beginning in the early 19 century until the present. An overview on 21 century applications demonstrates the high scientific impact of Wladimir Köppen's historical work.

Die klassische Arbeit von Köppen (1884a) über ,,Die Wärmezonen der Erde, nach der Dauer der heissen, gemässigten und kalten Zeit und nach der Wirkung der Wärme auf die organische Welt betrachtet“, publiziert in der ersten Ausgabe der Meteorologischen Zeitschrift, wird heute als früher Vorläufer der weit verbreiteten Köppen-Geiger Klimaklassifikation betrachtet. Wir beleuchten den historischen Hintergrund der Entwicklung der Köppen'schen Klimaklassifikation von den Anfängen im frühen 19. Jhdt. bis zur Gegenwart. Ein Überblick der Anwendungen im 21. Jhdt. demonstriert die große wissenschaftliche Bedeutung der historischen Arbeit von Wladimir Köppen.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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  • Meteorologische Zeitschrift (originally founded in 1866) is the joint periodical of the meteorological societies of Austria, Germany and Switzerland. It accepts high-quality peer-reviewed manuscripts on all aspects of observational, theoretical and computational research out of the entire field of meteorology, including climatology. Meteorologische Zeitschrift represents a natural forum for the meteorological community of Central Europe and worldwide.
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