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The definition and crystal structure of clino-oscarkempffite, Ag15 Pb6 Sb21 Bi18 S72

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Clino-oscarkempffite, Ag1.27 Pb0.49 Sb1.68 Bi1.54 S6.01, idealized as Ag1.25 Pb0.5 Sb1.75 Bi1.5 S6 (Z = 12), from the Colorada vein, Animas mine, Chocaya Province, Department of Potosi, Sur Chichas, Bolivia, is an N = 4 member of the lillianite homologous series, oversubstituted according to the Ag + (Bi, Sb) ↔ 2Pb substitution to 122.8% in comparison to the formula of gustavite, AgPbBi3 S6. Optical properties of clino-oscarkempffite are very similar to those of oscarkempffite and other Bi (Bi–Sb) lillianite homologues. Reflectance values in air vary between 47.5 and 35.2%. Hardness was evaluated to 3–3½, based on VHN 50 range 189–208, mean 200 kg mm2. Density was calculated to 6.04 g cm3. Minerals associated with clino-oscarkempffite are aramayoite, oscarkempffite, arsenopyrite, ferrokësterite, freibergite, miargyrite, pyrite and quartz. Clino-oscarkempffite is monoclinic, lattice parameters a 39.811(25) Å, b 19.280(12) Å, c 8.278(5) Å, β 96.195(9)°, V 6316.7 Å3, space group P 21/c. It is a three-fold superstructure of the lillianite aristotype, with a doubled 4 Å axis and, uniquely, a tripled ~13.3 Å a parameter. In the crystal structure, configured as a general N = 4 lillianite homologue, the central octahedra of the PbS-like slabs are mixed (Bi, Sb), (Sb, Bi) and Sb sites in alternation along the 8.3 Å direction, whereas in the marginal coordination octahedra (Sb, Bi) positions alternate with distorted tetrahedral coordinations of Ag. The bicapped trigonal coordination prisms on meeting planes of two octahedral slabs are occupied by mixed (Pb, Bi) sites. Cation occupation schemes result in blocks with monoclinic overall symmetry which alternate along [1 0 0] with blocks with orthorhombic overall symmetry. The order–disorder implications of this division are discussed in the paper.
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Keywords: AG–BI OVERSUBSTITUTION; BOLIVIA; CLINO-OSCARKEMPFFI TE; COLORADA VEIN; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; LILLIANITE HOMOLOGUE; ORDER–DISORDER PHENOMENA; PB–(BI,SB)–AG SULFOSALT; POTOSI

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2018

This article was made available online on August 31, 2017 as a Fast Track article with title: "The definition and crystal structure of clino-oscarkempffite, Ag15Pb6Sb21Bi18S72".

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  • The European Journal of Mineralogy publishes original papers, review articles and letters dealing with the mineralogical sciences s.l. These include primarily mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, crystallography and ore deposits, as well as environmental, applied and technical mineralogy. Nevertheless, papers in any related field, including cultural heritage, will be considered.
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